International Legal News

New Hong Kong Bar chairman seeks to ease tensions with Beijing

Victor Dawes says Bar wants to improve government relations but will speak out ?when necessary?

Noerr spins out Moscow office in response to 'altered market conditions'

German independent forges cooperation deal with Arno Legal after local management buy out

Almost half of UK firms eyeing M&A to spur growth, Acquira survey finds

Some 47% of firms are considering deals, with nearly a quarter of those already in talks

Recording Academy hires first in-house lawyer from longtime advisor Proskauer Rose

Addition of Jennifer Jones expected to curb high spending on outside counsel

McMillan restructures executive leadership group, creates chief client officer role

Executive partner Tim Murphy set to take on dual managing partner and CEO roles

Reed Smith names veteran Paris partner to head up global arbitration practice

Peter Rosher succeeds Josť Astigarraga as chair, who steps down after almost five years in the role

Global graft enforcement set to rise as regulators revive anti-corruption efforts

Compliance burden also likely to increase around ESG issues, says Hogan Lovells

Linklaters sets out to build specialist team of practice innovation lawyers

Global head of practice innovation role created as UK firm seeks out lawyers who can ?champion new tools and ways of working?

Baker McKenzie partners with IP tech company MaxVal to create brand management system

Deal is part of firm?s Reinvent innovation strategy and follows last year?s SparkBeyond tie-up

Greenberg Traurig reaches $2bn revenue landmark as it unveils lifestyle-driven expansion to Long Island

Early sight of 2021 finances comes as Miami firm opens two branches in nation's 'first suburb'

Brown Rudnick lands eight-lawyer tech team from McCarter & English in New York

Three of five incoming partners promoted to leadership roles within Boston firm's technology practice

Canadian cannabis biopharma player adds CLO from Suboxone maker

Stephen Kim brings experience in-house at Bayer and Indivior to Avicanna

BCLP partner leaves to launch UAE disputes boutique

Raza Mithani founds Conselis Law alongside four barrister consultants

DLA Piper hires six-partner team from White & Case in Mexico City

Incoming Alvaro Garza-Galvan has been appointed co-managing partner alongside current partner Diego Martinez

Quinn Emanuel upbeat over flat 2021 London revenue performance

Firm praises team for matching record 2020 turnover as it faced ?particular? challenge of competition team departure

Microsoft and Activision Blizzard turn to Skadden, Simpson Thacher and Weil for $68.7bn takeover

Metaverse-focused deal to make Microsoft third-largest gaming company is expected to attract regulatory scrutiny

Three Crowns gains two partners with London promotion and Paris hire

Leading arbitration boutique promotes Leilah Bruton in London and adds Shaparak Saleh in Paris along with an associate

Goodwin grows Munich presence with private equity partner hire from Reed Smith

Addition of Florian Hirschmann comes less than a year after US firm entered Munich with Sidley Austin hires

Herbert Smith Freehills CEO to co-chair global campaign to boost number of women arbitrators

Diversity and inclusion champion Justin D?Agostino takes leading role at the Pledge as signatories near 5,000

Mishcon?s Hong Kong ally hires five-strong disputes team from leading independent firm

Disputes boutique Karas strengthened as Mishcon presses on with strategy of growing Asia private client capability

Linklaters secures Morgan Lewis partner to launch Singapore funds practice

Addition of Joel Seow follows double partner hire in Hong Kong last month

Elevate celebrates US first as it is granted ownership of its affiliated law firm

In pioneering move Arizona Supreme Court approves non-lawyer ownership of an integrated law firm

The metaverse and fashion brands: the consequences of the digital world

Fashion brands? expansion into the metaverse brings a number of challenges with trademark use and misuse, writes Flavia Mansur Murad-Schaal and Isadora Schumacher Jeong

Quinn Emanuel to lead £2.3bn class action against Facebook over market dominance

Claim lodged on behalf of 44m UK users over 'unfair' trading terms and prices

Standard Chartered appoints World Bank's Sandie Okoro as general counsel

Diversity and social justice campaigner spent five years as development bank's legal head

Goodwin Procter partner joins Californian legaltech startup as first GC

Sean Greaney advises growth companies across the life cycle and brings in-house experience at Beats by Dre

Weightmans set to merge with fellow UK player RadcliffesLeBrasseur

Consolidated firm will sit in UK top 40 in terms of revenue and be home to more than 225 partners

Allen & Overy hires Norton Rose Fulbright?s EMEA disputes head

UK giant bolsters banking litigation team after recent loss of senior litigator to White & Case

Top 200 US law firm snaps up Dublin litigation and regulatory boutique

Tie-up brings lawyer headcount at Detroit-based Clark Hill's only European office to 26

RPC hires Ashurst's Korea co-head in Hong Kong to set up country desk

UK firm flags 'key strategic hire' as it targets work in world's 12th largest economy

Comparative Guides:Luxury Law 2022

Luxury Law 2022 is a comprehensive guide providing answers and insight into how luxury businesses can protect their brands in a range of jurisdictions. Written by experts, topics include the protection of intellectual property using trademark, copyright or design, privacy, product placement and the protection of corporate image and reputation.

Luxury Law 2022: Belgium


Luxury Law 2022: Brazil


Luxury Law 2022: China


Luxury Law 2022: Cyprus


Luxury Law 2022: Czechia


Luxury Law 2022: France


Luxury Law 2022: Germany


Luxury Law 2022: India


Luxury Law 2022: Italy


Luxury Law 2022: Japan


Luxury Law 2022: Netherlands


Luxury Law 2022: Russia


Luxury Law 2022: South Korea


Luxury Law 2022: Spain


Luxury Law 2022: Taiwan


Luxury Law 2022: Turkey


Luxury Law 2022: United Kingdom


Luxury Law 2022: United States


Comparative Guides:Fashion Law 2021

Fashion Law 2021 is a comparative guide providing answers and insight into the law around the business of fashion in 18 jurisdictions around the world. Our experts provide guidance on areas such as the effective legal protection of brands, the rules around e-commerce and marketing as well as how to navigate sustainability guidelines.

Fashion Law 2021: Australia

The Australian Fashion and Textile Industry includes design, textile, manufacturing, retailing, marketing, events, and education activities. It is a valuable contributor to the Australian economy and it is also an important contributor to Australia’s creative and cultural fabric. In 2021, according to a report released by the Australian Fashion Council, the Australian fashion industry contributed more than $27 billion to Australia’s economy. The Industry employs more than 489,000 people, 77% of whom are women.


Fashion Law 2021: Brazil

The Brazilian fashion industry generates around 1.5 million of jobs and has the fifth largest textile industry in the world. In 2019, the fashion industry had a turnover of R$185.7 billion (www.abit.org.br/cont/perfil-do-setor), becoming a promising sector with new technology and sustainable developments. Notably, the fashion luxury market is growing due to an increasing number of Brazilian millionaires, which in 2010, according to Capgemini, was 86,000 (www.capgemini.com/es-es/wp-content/uploads/sites/16/2019/07/World-Wealth-Report-WWR-2019.pdf).

In Brazil, ‘iconization’ of brands is a characteristic of the new fashion era. Trademarks are still at the center of the market interest. Trademarks in fashion are a way of communication, a way of free speech and status. Brazil has a continental dimension. Many cultural, artistic, and folkloric aspects are reflected in fashion and accessories.

However, many legal and social challenges in the productive chain are still faced in our country, such as the informality of workers, the distribution chains, or tax aspects. On the other hand, it is undeniable that the Brazilian creativity and strong exotic culture may contribute to placing Brazil first among worldwide brands (Natura is an example of this importance). Brazil is a paramount leader in beach wear and denim sectors. Designers such as Alexandre Herchcovitch or Alexandre Birman are examples of contemporary influence associated with Brazilian culture in fashion.

Fashion law in Brazil is interdisciplinary and transversal, touching many areas of the law, not only intellectual property or trademarks. Often consumer, labor, contractual, tax, corporate, advertising and even environmental law are involved.  


Fashion Law 2021: China

“China” in this chapter refers to Mainland China and does not include Hong Kong SAR, Macau SAR and Taiwan.

China is now a major contributor to the world fashion industry. China has transformed from an inexpensive manufacturer into a place where every area of the fashion industry is represented. Malls in any city of substance have outlets for almost every major fashion brand in the world. This is only part of the story, however. China is now an important source of the resources that support the fashion industry: models, fabrics, design, machinery and equipment and logistical support. 

In 2020 the total revenue from textile and clothes production was approximately US$210 billion; for textiles exported from China it was approximately US$153.8 billion; and for clothes exported from China, approximately US$137.4 billion. (Figures from The White Book on Intellectual Property Protection in China’s Clothing Industry, published on April 25, 2021 by Beijing Intellectual Property Judicial Protection Association in Beijing, China.)


Fashion Law 2021: Finland

The turnover of the Finnish textile and clothing industry was EUR 3.95 billion in 2020, and the industry employed 18,000 people in a total of 3,180 companies. The export of textiles and fashion goods out of Finland totalled EUR 648 million.

Finland has a strong track record of technical innovations, and Finnish textile innovators are ambitiously seeking to solve global climate challenges. One example of the Finnish textile industry?s carbon handprint (a measure of beneficial greenhouse gas impacts) is the production of recycled and cellulose-based textile fibres in Finland and the export of the related expertise.

Finns are known for favouring domestic brands, and consumer interest in sustainable business is clearly on the rise. Beloved consumer brands range from classics, such as Marimekko and Andiata, to newer arrivals, such as Makia.


Fashion Law 2021: France

In France, fashion remains the sector the most affected by counterfeiting activity, increasingly online. Further, its capital city Paris is known all around the world as the capital of fashion. Therefore, French law is quite protective and enforces the IP rights of the fashion industry using diverse and specific tools.


Fashion Law 2021: Germany

Several years ago, Oprah Winfrey asked the internationally famous fashion designer Ralph Lauren how he manages to re-invent himself in these short terms of fashion seasons. He answered bluntly: "You copy … Forty-five years of copying, that’s why I’m here." (Farkas, Nachahmungsschutz und Schutzrechtskumulation am Beispiel von Modekreationen, Baden-Baden 2016, p. 23.)

So, it seems that copying is the way to be successful in fashion industry. However, that does not mean that fashion designers copy their competitors but instead may return to old designs and styles, sometimes from several centuries ago. If this is the case, these old designs are no longer protected (if they were at all). However, in many cases designers go back only a few fashion seasons. This is the reason why Intellectual Property Rights are important to safeguard fashion designers' interests.


Fashion Law 2021: Greece

Creativity has always formed an integral part of the Greek culture and tradition. One need only to consider the events that have taken place in Greek historical monuments and cultural heritage sites (such as the recent Dior fashion show held at the iconic Panathenaic Stadium (Kallimarmaro) in June 2021) to understand the great influence that Greek culture has on the fashion industry at a global level.

The turnover of the Greek fashion industry was EUR 3.2 billion in 2020 (significantly lower than the average EUR 4 billion – due to the global Covid 19 pandemic), with textile and clothing representing EUR 2.6 billion, footwear EUR 685 million and sportswear EUR 658 million.

Alongside iconic domestic brands such as Zeus & Dione, Vassilis Zoulias, Ancient Greek Sandals, Mary Katrantzou, Sophia Kokosalaki, Dimitris Dassios, Yiorgos Eleftheriades and Celia Kritharioti, there is a considerable number of emerging Greek designers dedicated to sustainable, ethical fashion, using environmentally and socially friendly manufacturing techniques and materials.


Fashion Law 2021: Hong Kong

Hong Kong has long been one of the top markets for fashion goods. In recent years, the fashion industry in Hong Kong has been hit hard by social unrest and the COVID-19 outbreak. In the first three quarters in 2020, the number of tourists dropped by over 90% according to the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). On the other hand, the value of clothing export from Hong Kong fell by 34% to US$8.24 billion due to regional competition, according to the Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC) research. However, with its duty-free policy and robust IP protection regime, Hong Kong has proven to be a resilient market and has shown signs of recovery as the city starts embracing the paradigm shift to e-commerce.


Fashion Law 2021: India

Rapid growth in the global economy has placed a premium on innovation and Intellectual Property rights. There is no denying that Intellectual Property rights have served as a catalyst spurring innovation and accelerating growth. India has transitioned from a process-patent oriented system to a product-patent system using The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) as an opportunity to amend its laws and the TRIPS-compulsions as an opportunity to make giant strides in this well-known but unexplained terrain.

After Pharma, a crucial sphere of IP rights in India is the fashion industry. Although IPR attempts to tackle the emerging issues of fashion law, it will nonetheless always remain an unfinished chapter in view of the ever-expanding horizons of law.


Fashion Law 2021: Ireland

The Irish fashion market is a mixture of foreign-owned high street stores and independent Irish designers. Many international designers, such as Louise Kennedy, Paul Costello, Simone Rocha, Peter O'Brien, and Philip Tracy are originally from Ireland.


Fashion Law 2021: Israel

During the last few decades, local manufacturing of fashion goods in Israel has decreased significantly, partly due to rising production costs. Simultaneously, Israeli consumers' preference for international fast-fashion brands is growing and the sales are increasingly shifting to e-commerce. At the same time, Israeli designers have been making a name for themselves internationally (for example a few years ago, a quarter of all wedding dress designers in NYC Bridal Fashion Week were Israelis).


Fashion Law 2021: Italy

The fashion industry in Italy generates over 80 billion Euro (8.5% of the manufacturing industry) and employs almost 500,000 people (12.5% of the workforce). In the period from 2019 to 2021 the fashion industry saw a steady and considerable growth, reporting an 8% increase in 2021, doubling the estimate based on previous years. Aside from the most notable high-end luxury brands, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) still constitute the majority of the operators in the field.


Fashion Law 2021: Singapore

Singapore has a highly educated, tech-savvy, and digitally connected population, which has resulted in a boom in online fashion shopping. Singaporean shoppers have high expectations of the online shopping experience and an increasing number have also begun prioritising personal alignment with brand values such as sustainability and diversity.

The fashion industry is characterised by speed, transience, and obsolescence. Technological advancements have facilitated easy copying and counterfeiting, necessitating robust intellectual property protection and enforcement strategies.

This chapter introduces Singapore’s strong and reliable intellectual property regime. Singapore is well positioned in its move towards becoming a global intellectual property hub in Asia, and provides a conducive environment for intellectual property development, protection, and enforcement.


Fashion Law 2021: Spain

Nowadays, Spain is one of the most important countries in the fashion industry, having traditionally been at the forefront of fashion and elegance. Cristóbal Balenciaga, Pedro del Hierro, Amaya Arzuaga, Paco Rabanne, Custo Dalmau, Ágatha Ruiz de la Prada, Adolfo Domínguez, Modesto Lomba, Victorio & Lucchino and Roberto Verino: they are just some of the representatives of the fashion industry in Spain. In this context, Spain has found its place in the fashion industry thanks to companies, popular events and designers that have conquered the international market with impressive results and success. In this sense, Spain is synonymous with competitiveness, creativity and innovation and, therefore, intellectual property is a vital tool to protect fashion products in Spain.


Fashion Law 2021: Thailand

Thailand has many attributes that make it attractive to fashion industry professionals. With a history of silk production and a start-to-finish supply chain, the country plays an important part in the global fashion industry (see www.boi.go.th/upload/content/Textile_industry_24012018_47831_5ae68da76c7f2.pdf).

In order to strengthen its reputation on the world stage, Thailand has been working hard to ensure that the intellectual property (IP) rights of participants in the fashion industry are protected. The Thai Trademark Act was amended most recently in 2016 and included increased protection for non-traditional trademarks, among other modernizations. Another milestone was achieved in 2017, when Thailand joined the Madrid Protocol. In the near future, amendments to both the Thai Copyright Act and Patent Act are expected. All of these changes demonstrate that the Thai government is dedicated to ensuring that IP owners have confidence in doing business in Thailand.


Fashion Law 2021: United Kingdom

As of 1 January 2021 the UK is no longer a member of the European Union. EU Regulations that were in force on 31 December 2020 were brought into English law and thus there may currently be little difference to the pre-Brexit situation. However, in the future, as EU Regulations and laws change, English law will not change but will create its own laws, thereby diverging away from European law. Hence the contents below are accurate as of 2021 but are liable to material change over the next few years.


Fashion Law 2021: United States

The US fashion industry is comprised of a chain of highly valued fashion designers, manufacturers, suppliers/vendors, marketers and retailers, producing a wealth of high-end, moderate and basic products sold around the world. While the industry has traditionally been based on seasons and trends, recent advances in technology has helped propel the industry to new creative fetes, making lawyers who can keep up, not only with changing trends, but constantly changing innovation, essential. The concept of fashion law in the US is not always straightforward or easy to protect: it requires creativity and incorporates various legal disciplines, including intellectual property, advertising and marketing, contract, corporate, commercial sales, real estate, employment and international trade and customs laws. A true expert in fashion law will have a deep understanding of the industry and these concepts, but more importantly must come prepared with novel and innovative ideas for protection.


Fashion Law 2021: Vietnam

The textile and garment industry is a vital part of Vietnam’s economy, and the country has emerged as one of the top textile producers and apparel exporters in the world. Although the industry had been hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic, government policy support and effective tools to protect IP rights in the fashion space are reasons for investors to be optimistic about the industry’s post-pandemic future in Vietnam.